1. Reynolds and Smith OI Climatology, EMC/NCEP. (The distribution of SST at March referred to in the text is
  2. John M. Wallace, Todd P. Mitchell, and Alexis K.-H. Lau, 1995: Legates / MSU Precipitation Climatology. (The distribution of precipitation at March referred to in the text is
  3. M. Hosaka, M. Ishiwatari, S. Takehiro, K. Nakajima, and Y.-Y. Hayashi, 1998: Tropical precipitation patterns in the response to a local warm SST area placed at the equator of an aqua planet. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 76, 289-305.
  4. R.A. Madden and P.R. Julian, 1972: Description of global-scale circulation cells in the tropics with 40-50 day period. J.Atmos.Sci., 29, 1109-23.
  5. Hayashi, Y.-Y. and A. Sumi, 1986: The 30-40 day oscillations simulated in an ``aqua planet'' model. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 64, 451-467.
  6. GFD Dennou Club, 1997: "AGCM5, GFD Dennou Club Edition",
  7. S. Manabe, S., J. Smagorinsky and R.F. Strickler, 1965: Simulated climatology of a general circulation model with a hydrologic cycle. Mon. Wea. Rev., 93, 769-798.
  8. G. L. Mellor and T. Yamada, 1974: A hierarchy of turbulence closure models for the planetary boundary layers. J. Atmos. Sci., 31, 1791.
  9. A. E. Gill, 1980: Some simple solutions for heat-induced tropical circulation. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 106, 447-462.
  10. W. A. Heckley and A. E. Gill, 1984: Some simple solutions to the problem of forced equatorial long waves. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 110, 203-217.